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Agency FilingRisk Management

Comments to FEMA on Proposed Rule to Modify the Standard Flood Insurance Policy Under the National Flood Insurance Program

Organizations Involved: Policy Integrity Abstract The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) proposed a rule to modify the standard flood insurance policy under the National Flood Insurance Program by creating a new “Homeowner Flood Form,” which applies specifically to homeowners of single-family homes and owners of buildings with one-to-four units. The…
Event/ConferenceFinancial RegulationRegulatory ActivitiesRisk Management

Testimony of Carolyn Kousky on Reauthorization and Reform of the National Flood Insurance Program

This testimony from a Senate Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs hearing the reauthorization and reform of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) highlights the ways in which the NFIP can improve community resilience to climate change and extreme weather events. Flood insurance has a critical role to play…
Carolyn Kousky
May 2, 2023
ReportRisk Management

Catastrophe Bonds

Catastrophe bonds are the most well-known type of ILS to transfer catastrophe risk to capital market investors and the second-largest according to volume. The first catastrophe bonds were issued in the mid-1990s and the market has been steadily growing since that time. This primer explains the general mechanics of catastrophe…
Carolyn Kousky
September 20, 2022
ReportRisk Management

Parametric Insurance for Disasters

The concept of parametric insurance, while not new, is getting increased attention as a way to provide faster and more flexible funds to victims of disasters and as a tool to provide post-disaster funds for emerging and otherwise difficult-to-insure risks. There is also hope that parametric policies can broaden disaster…
Carolyn Kousky
September 20, 2022
Adaptation as Risk ManagementBlog/News ArticleEnvironmental JusticeFinancial DisclosureFinancial RegulationPrivate GovernanceRisk Management

Climate Change Comes to Insurance

This opinion piece explains the risks climate change poses to insurers, both as underwriters and as investors. It argues that it is necessary to align incentives in the insurance industry to prevent widespread defaults that would leave policyholders unprotected and examine areas where risks are distributed inequitably.
Adaptation as Risk ManagementBlog/News ArticleEnvironmental JusticeRisk Management

First-of-Its-Kind Insurance Report Confronts Climate Risk

This blog analyzes the recommendations in a report from the Climate Insurance Working Group, convened by California Insurance Commissioner Ricardo Lara, to the state’s Department of Insurance, local and state policy-makers, and the insurance industry regarding the role of insurance in addressing risks from climate-fueled wildfires, floods and extreme heat.
Katelyn Roedner
July 23, 2021
Environmental JusticeReportRisk Management

Breaking the Cycle of Flood-Rebuild-Repeat: Local and State Options to Improve Substantial Damage and Improvement Standards in the National Flood Insurance Program

This paper discusses the substantial improvement/damage (SI/SD) standard in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) which requires property owners making significant improvements or repairs to structures in areas most vulnerable to flooding to take certain measures to mitigate their risk. It also surveys more rigorous SI/SD standards adopted by NFIP…