Financial DisclosureFinancial RegulationReport

Emission Omission: A Shareholder Engagement Guide to Uncovering Climate Risks from Non-Operated Assets in the Oil and Gas Industry

This report explores management of methane emissions from the oil and gas industry with the goal to support dialogue that can mitigate investment risk and drive reduction in climate warming, thereby linking shareholder engagement to shareholder value.
Environmental JusticeReportRisk Management

Breaking the Cycle of Flood-Rebuild-Repeat: Local and State Options to Improve Substantial Damage and Improvement Standards in the National Flood Insurance Program

This paper discusses the substantial improvement/damage (SI/SD) standard in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) which requires property owners making significant improvements or repairs to structures in areas most vulnerable to flooding to take certain measures to mitigate their risk. It also surveys more rigorous SI/SD standards adopted by NFIP…
Adaptation as Risk ManagementEnergy RegulationFederal Energy RegulationReportRisk Management

Toward Resilience: Defining, Measuring, and Monetizing Resilience in the Electricity System

This report aims to assist policymakers in understanding grid resilience and evaluating potential interventions aimed at improving grid resilience. It develops a definition of resilience grounded in academic literature; describes a methodology for calculating the costs and benefits of potential grid resilience improvements; identifies legal authorities that states and federal…